Careers in this cluster fall into the production; installation, maintenance, and repair; and architecture and engineering occupational groups used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics for occupational projections.
Employment in production occupations is projected to show little or no change, with a loss of about 39,000 jobs from 2020 to 2030. Technological advancements are expected to continue to replace many of the manufacturing workers that make up a large share of the production occupations. Fewer workers are expected to be needed in the manufacturing sector as many processes have become computer-controlled.
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair
Employment in installation, maintenance, and repair occupations is projected to grow 7 percent from 2020 to 2030, about as fast as the average for all occupations, and will result in about 392,500 new jobs.
Architecture and Engineering
Employment in architecture and engineering occupations is projected to grow 6 percent from 2020 to 2030, about as fast as the average for all occupations. About 146,000 new jobs are projected to be added. Most of the projected job growth in this group is in the engineer occupations, as their services will be in demand in various areas such as rebuilding of infrastructure, renewable energy, oil and gas extraction, and robotics.