Interior Designer  What They Do

Just the Facts


Plans, designs, and furnishes interiors of residential, commercial, or industrial buildings. Formulates design which is practical, aesthetic, and conducive to intended purposes, such as raising productivity, selling merchandise, or improving life style. May specialize in a particular field, style, or phase of interior design.

This career is part of the Architecture and Construction cluster Design/Pre-Construction pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Confers with client to determine factors affecting planning interior environments, such as budget, architectural preferences, and purpose and function.
  • Advises client on interior design factors such as space planning, layout and use of furnishings or equipment, and color coordination.
  • Coordinates with other professionals, such as contractors, architects, engineers, and plumbers, to ensure job success.
  • Reviews and details shop drawings for construction plans.
  • Estimates material requirements and costs, and presents design to client for approval.
  • Subcontracts fabrication, installation, and arrangement of carpeting, fixtures, accessories, draperies, paint and wall coverings, art work, furniture, and related items.
  • Formulates environmental plan to be practical, esthetic, and conducive to intended purposes, such as raising productivity or selling merchandise.
  • Selects or designs, and purchases furnishings, art works, and accessories.
  • Renders design ideas in form of paste-ups or drawings.
  • Uses computer-aided drafting (CAD) and related software to produce construction documents.

Insider Info

Dig into the details and check out what people in this job have to say about their work.



Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves sitting more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Identifying color and seeing differences in color, including shades and brightness
  • Seeing clearly at a distance
  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Irregular hours
  • Overtime work

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Home Decorator -- Collaborates with homeowners to decide how the inside of a house will be decorated and then coordinates the materials and services to do it.
  • Home Lighting Adviser --
  • Kitchen and Bath Designer --
  • Kitchen Designer --