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Clinical Psychologist

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Doctoral degree

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What They Do

Clinical and Counseling Psychologists Career Video

Diagnoses or evaluates mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests, and formulates and administers programs of treatment.

This career is part of the Human Services cluster Counseling and Mental Health Services pathway.

A person in this career:

  • Interacts with clients to assist them in gaining insight, defining goals, and planning action to achieve effective personal, social, educational, or vocational development and adjustment.
  • Identifies psychological, emotional, or behavioral issues and diagnoses disorders, using information obtained from interviews, tests, records, or reference materials.
  • Uses a variety of treatment methods, such as psychotherapy, hypnosis, behavior modification, stress reduction therapy, psychodrama, or play therapy.
  • Counsels individuals and groups regarding problems, such as stress, substance abuse, or family situations, to modify behavior or to improve personal, social, or vocational adjustment.
  • Discusses the treatment of problems with clients.
  • Writes reports on clients and maintains required paperwork.
  • Consults with or provides consultation to other doctors, therapists, or clinicians regarding patient care.
  • Obtains and studies medical, psychological, social, and family histories by interviewing individuals, couples, or families and by reviewing records.
  • Evaluates the effectiveness of counseling or treatments and the accuracy and completeness of diagnoses, modifying plans or diagnoses as necessary.
  • Selects, administers, scores, and interprets psychological tests to obtain information on individuals' intelligence, achievements, interests, or personalities.

Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would sit most of the time. There's some walking and standing. You may have to lift and carry things like books, papers or tools weighing 10 lbs. or less.
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves sitting more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Irregular hours
  • Weekend work

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Child Psychologist
  • Clinical Therapist
  • Licensed Clinical Psychologist
  • Pediatric Psychologist
  • Psychologist
  • Counseling Psychologist
  • Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC)
  • Psychotherapist — Works with individuals, couples, families and groups to help them overcome a range of psychological and emotional issues.
  • Applied Behavior Science Specialist (ABSS)


  • Email Support
  • 1-800-GO-TO-XAP (1-800-468-6927)
    From outside the U.S., please call +1 (424) 750-3900
  • North Dakota Career Resource Network
    ndcrn@nd.gov | (701) 328-9733