Farm Equipment Mechanic  What They Do

Just the Facts


Diagnoses, adjusts, repairs, or overhauls farm machinery and vehicles, such as tractors, harvesters, dairy equipment, and irrigation systems.

This career is part of the Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources cluster Power, Structural and Technical Systems pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Records details of repairs made and parts used.
  • Reassembles machines and equipment following repair, testing operation and making adjustments as necessary.
  • Maintains, repairs, and overhauls farm machinery and vehicles, such as tractors, harvesters, and irrigation systems.
  • Examines and listens to equipment, reads inspection reports, and confers with customers to locate and diagnose malfunctions.
  • Dismantles defective machines for repair, using hand tools.
  • Tests and replaces electrical components and wiring, using test meters, soldering equipment, and hand tools.
  • Repairs or replaces defective parts, using hand tools, milling and woodworking machines, lathes, welding equipment, grinders, or saws.
  • Cleans and lubricates parts.
  • Tunes or overhauls engines.
  • Drives trucks to haul tools and equipment for on-site repair of large machinery.

Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 20 lbs., sometimes up to 50 lbs. You might do a lot of lifting, carrying, pushing or pulling.
  • Work in this occupation involves bending or twisting your body more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves use of protective items such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, a hard hat, or personal flotation devices
  • Exposure to pollutants, gases, dust, fumes, odors, poor ventilation, etc.
  • Requires getting into awkward positions
  • Lighting is either extremely bright or inadequate
  • Conditions are very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F)
  • Work in this occupation involves using your hands to hold, control, and feel objects more than one-third of the time
  • Exposed to conditions such as high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, and chemicals more than once a month
  • Exposed to hazardous equipment such as saws, machinery, or vehicular traffic more than once a month
  • Work in this occupation involves kneeling, crouching, stooping, and/or crawling more than one-third of the time
  • Sound and noise levels are loud and distracting
  • Work in this occupation requires being outside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves standing more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Picking out a particular sound in the presence of other sounds
  • Identifying color and seeing differences in color, including shades and brightness
  • Judging how far away an object is, or which of several objects is closer or farther away
  • Bending, stretching, twisting, or reaching
  • Detecting sounds and hearing the differences between sounds of different pitch and loudness
  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person
  • Lifting, pushing, pulling, or carrying objects
  • Using abdominal and lower back muscles repeatedly or over time without tiring

Work Hours and Travel

  • Seasonal work

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Diesel Mechanic -- Repairs and maintains diesel engines used to power machines, such as buses, ships, trucks, railroad trains, electric generators, and construction machinery.
  • Irrigation Equipment Mechanic -- Installs and maintains self-propelled circle-irrigation systems on farms.
  • Small Engine Technician -- Repairs fractional-horsepower gasoline engines used to power lawnmowers, garden tractors, and similar machines.