Farm/Ranch Manager  What They Do

Just the Facts


Farmers Ranchers and other Agricultural Managers Career Video



Plans, directs, or coordinates the management or operation of farms, ranches, greenhouses, aquacultural operations, nurseries, timber tracts, or other agricultural establishments. May hire, train, or supervise farm workers or contract for services to carry out the day-to-day activities of the managed operation. May engage in or supervise planting, cultivating, harvesting, financial, or marketing activities.

This career is part of the Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources cluster Agribusiness Systems pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Inspects orchards or fields to determine crop maturity or condition or to detect disease or insect infestation.
  • Directs crop production operations, such as planning, tilling, planting, fertilizing, cultivating, spraying, or harvesting.
  • Monitors activities such as irrigation, chemical application, harvesting, milking, breeding, or grading to ensure adherence to safety regulations or standards.
  • Plans crop activities based on factors such as crop maturity or weather conditions.
  • Maintains financial, operational, production, or employment records for farms or ranches.
  • Directs the breeding or raising of stock, such as cattle, poultry, or honeybees, using recognized breeding practices to ensure stock improvement.
  • Obtains financing necessary for purchases of machinery, land, supplies, or livestock.
  • Inspects farm or ranch equipment to ensure proper functioning.
  • Negotiates with buyers for the sale, storage, or shipment of crops or livestock.
  • Analyzes soil to determine types or quantities of fertilizer required for maximum crop production.

Insider Info

Dig into the details and check out what people in this job have to say about their work.



Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Work in this occupation involves use of protective items such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, a hard hat, or personal flotation devices
  • Exposure to pollutants, gases, dust, fumes, odors, poor ventilation, etc.
  • Conditions are very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F)
  • Work in this occupation involves using your hands to hold, control, and feel objects more than one-third of the time
  • Exposed to hazardous equipment such as saws, machinery, or vehicular traffic more than once a month
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Sound and noise levels are loud and distracting
  • Work in this occupation requires being outside most of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly at a distance
  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Irregular hours
  • Overtime work
  • Weekend work

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Apiarist -- Plans, organizes, controls, coordinates and operates apiaries to produce honey, queen bee pollen, beeswax and royal jelly, breed queen bees and pollinate crops.
  • Arboriculturist -- Cultivates and manages trees, hedgerows and shrubs and includes all aspects of felling, preserving, planting and protecting trees and also provides information and advice on specific tree-related issues.
  • Cattle Rancher -- Breeds and raises beef or dairy cattle for the purposes of sale of meat or milk.
  • Dairy Farm Manager -- Plans, develops, and implements policies, procedures, and practices for operation of dairy farm to ensure compliance with company's or owner's standards for farm production, propagation of herd, and of regulatory agencies.
  • Fruit Grower -- Responsible for planting, cultivating, propagating, spraying, irrigating, transplanting, pruning and harvesting all types of fruit.
  • Hatchery Manager -- Plans, develops, and implements policies and practices for operation of hatchery to ensure attainment of goals and profitable operation.
  • Horse Rancher -- Breeds and raises horses for riding or working stock, breeding, or for show.
  • Organic Farmer -- Grows fruits, vegetables, grains, herbs, and even flowers without using harmful pesticides and fertilizers.
  • Viticulturist -- Studies grape varieties and genetics, growing season micro-climates and effects on wine and other food and beverage production.